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This article is written like a travel guide rather than an encyclopedic description of the subject. Junagadh district in the Indian state of Gujarat. This section may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia’s quality standards. The discussion page may contain suggestions. The Maitraka dynasty ruled Gujarat from 475 to 767 CE. The founder of the dynasty, General Bhatarka, military governor of Saurashtra peninsula under the Gupta empire, established himself as the independent ruler of Gujarat around the last quarter of the 5th century.
The early history of Chudasama dynasty — who ruled Saurashtra from Junagadh — is almost lost. The bardic legends differs very much in names, order and numbers so they are not considered reliable. Traditionally, the dynasty is said to have been founded in the late 9th century by Chudachandra. The Uparkot Fort of Junagadh was occupied by Chudasamas during the reign of Graharipu. Later it is said to have been rebuilt by Navaghana who had transferred his capital from Vamanasthali to Junagadh. Sultan Mahmud Begada changed the name of Junagadh to Mustafabad and built the fortifications round the town and the mosque in the Uparkot.
Under Gujarat Sultanate, Junagadh was governed by an official appointed direct from Ahmedabad styled thanadar. This official collected the tribute and revenue of the crown domain but the Sultan also placed last Chudasama king Mandalika III’s son in Junagadh as a jagirdar. The name of this son was Bhupatsingh. After the accession of Sultan Muzafar and indeed during the latter part of Sultan Mahmud’s reign the seat of government was removed from Junagadh to Diu owing to the importance of that island as a naval station and to check the ravages of the Portuguese.
Tatarkhan Ghori was left at Junagadh by Malik Eiaz who himself resided at Diu. When the Portuguese took over the ports of Diu and Daman in the 16th century, a fifteen-foot cannon, made in Egypt in 1531, was abandoned by a Turkish admiral opposing the Portuguese forces at Diu, which was now at the Uparkot Fort. Tatarkhan Ghori had now become almost independent. In his time Jam Raval conquered Halar and built Navanagar. Noghan was succeeded by his son Shrisingh in ad 1551. During his time Tatarkhan Ghori died and was succeeded by his son Aminkhan Ghori. In his time too Akbar conquered Gujarat though Sorath yet remained independent under the Ghori rule.
During these disturbances Amin Khan Ghori and his son Daulat Khan Ghori espoused the cause of Muzafar as did the Jam and Loma Khuman of Kherdi. The exact date of Amin Khan Ghori’s death is not known but it was in about ad 1589-90. Raizada Khengar also warmly espoused Mnzafar’s side. Khengar was dismissed to his estate of Sil Bagasra and the Raizada were called ceased to rule at Junagadh. Of these Mirzah Isa Tarkhan ruled Sorath from about ad 1633 34 to ad 1642 when he was appointed viceroy of Gujarat. On this occasion he left his son Inayat Ullah as faujdar at Junagadh and himself repaired to the capital of Gujarat Ahmedabad to conduct the government. Junagadh Nawabs and state officials, 19th century.
Mohammad Sher khan Babi, who owed allegiance to the Mughal governor of Gujarat Subah, founded the state of Junagadh and declaring independence in 1730 after Marathas Gaikwad invasion. Muhammad Sher khan Babi, was the founder of the Babi Dynasty of Junagadh State dynasty. Flag of Junagadh, during the British period. Junagadh State was founded in 1730. In 1807 it became a British protectorate. The East India Company took control of the state by 1818, but the Saurashtra area never came under the direct administration of British India.