Location in North Korea, on the border with China. It is also the highest mountain on the Korean Peninsula and in Northeast China. The modern Korean name of the mountain, Paektu Mountain, was first recorded in speed dating Miyoshi for over 40’s 13th historical record Goryeosa. In other records from the same period, the mountain was also called Taebaek Mountain, which means great-white mountain.
In Chinese, the mountain itself is known as Chángbáishān, which is the transliteration of Golmin Šanggiyan Alin. The mountain and Heaven Lake taken together are known as Báitóushān, which is the transliteration of Paektu Mountain. The geological forces forming Mount Paektu remain a mystery. Two leading theories are first a hot spot formation and second an uncharted portion of the Pacific Plate sinking beneath Mount Paektun.
The highest peak, called Janggun Peak, is covered in snow about eight months of the year. The mountain is the source of the Songhua, Tumen and Yalu rivers. The Tumen and the Yalu form the northern border between North Korea and Russia and China. The weather on the mountain can be very erratic, sometimes severe. July, remaining below freezing for eight months of the year. This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia’s quality standards. Mount Paektu has had at least two ignimbrite-forming eruptions in the past 5000 years.
The tephra from the later eruption has been found in Greenland, which agrees with the age of the Mount Paektu eruption. This eruption formed large areas covered in yellow pumice and ignimbrite and released about 23. After these major eruptions, Mount Paektu had at least three smaller eruptions, which occurred in 1668, 1702, and 1903, likely forming the Baguamiao ignimbrite, the Wuhaojie fine pumice and the Liuhaojie tuff ring. In 2014, the Government of North Korea invited volcanologists James Hammond of Imperial College, London and Clive Oppenheimer of the University of Cambridge to study the mountain for recent volcanic activity. Their work is expected to last for «two or three years». Mount Paektu on the Emblem of North Korea.
There are five known species of plants in the lake on the peak, and some 168 were counted along its shores. The forest on the Chinese side is ancient and almost unaltered by humans. Birch predominates near the tree line, and pine lower down, mixed with other species. The area is a known habitat for Siberian tigers, bears, Amur leopards, wolves, and wild boars.