This article needs additional citations for verification. A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting dating in Chiprovtsi 2018 an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
Child labour has often been used in Asia for hand knotting rugs. The term carpet comes from Old French carpite. One derivation of the term states that the French term came from the Old Italian carpita, from the verb «carpire» meaning to pluck. The term «carpet» is often used interchangeably with the term «rug». Some sources define a carpet as stretching from wall to wall. Another definition treats rugs as of lower quality or of smaller size, with carpets quite often having finished ends. A third common definition is that a carpet is permanently fixed in place while a rug is simply laid out on the floor.
The term «rug» was first used in English in the 1550s, with the meaning «coarse fabric». The carpet is produced on a loom quite similar to woven fabric. The pile can be plush or Berber. Plush carpet is a cut pile and Berber carpet is a loop pile.
There are new styles of carpet combining the two styles called cut and loop carpeting. These carpets are more technologically advanced. Needle felts are produced by intermingling and felting individual synthetic fibers using barbed and forked needles forming an extremely durable carpet. These carpets are normally found in commercial settings such as hotels and restaurants where there is frequent traffic. These are carpets that have their pile injected into a backing material, which is itself then bonded to a secondary backing made of a woven hessian weave or a man made alternative to provide stability. The pile is often sheared in order to achieve different textures.
This is the most common method of manufacturing of domestic carpets for floor covering purposes in the world. Types of oriental flatwoven carpet include kilim, soumak, plain weave, and tapestry weave. A hooked rug is a simple type of rug handmade by pulling strips of cloth such as wool or cotton through the meshes of a sturdy fabric such as burlap. This type of rug is now generally made as a handicraft. Unlike woven carpets, embroidery carpets’ are not formed on a loom. The tent stitch and the cross stitch are two of the most common. Carpet can be formulated from many single or blended natural and synthetic fibres.
Fibres are chosen for durability, appearance, ease of manufacture, and cost. Since the 20th century, nylon is one of the most common materials for the construction of carpets. Both nylon 6 and nylon 6-6 are used. Nylon can be printed easily and has excellent wear characteristics. Polypropylene, a polyolefin stiffer than the cheaper polyethylene, is used to produce carpet yarns because it is still less expensive than the other materials used for carpets.
It is difficult to dye and does not wear as well as wool or nylon. Wool has excellent durability, can be dyed easily and is fairly abundant. When blended with synthetic fibres such as nylon the durability of wool is increased. Wool is relatively expensive and consequently it only comprises a small portion of the market. After the price of raw materials for many types of carpet rose in the early 2000s, polyester became more competitive. Acrylic is a synthetic material first created by the Dupont Corporation in 1941 but has gone through various changes since it was first introduced.